When buying CBD products, it’s important to understand the meaning behind those terms you might see on the package.
Existing in the midst of a hazy unregulated market, CBD consumers need a clear explanation of key terms that CBD products often put forth to differentiate themselves. One of the areas where we are regularly seeing lots of confusion is around the terms “
Due to the fact that there are not currently CBD regulations overseen by the FDA, we can offer insight as to what these terms should mean — but keep in mind: Seeing this terminology does not confirm that the product in your hand was correctly labeled.
Also referred to as “full plant” or “
Full-spectrum CBD typically comes from hemp plants. That’s because federal law considers hemp (defined as cannabis with less than 0.3 percent THC) legal, but criminalizes the cannabis plant with more than 0.3 percent THC. If you’re in a state with legal adult-use cannabis, you should be able to find cannabis-derived full-spectrum CBD products with more than 0.3 percent THC in a dispensary. But if you’re buying CBD products online or outside of a licensed cannabis dispensary, that’s almost certainly going to be hemp-derived full-spectrum CBD. In full-spectrum CBD from hemp, a legal, trace amount of THC is present (less than .3 percent).
Often, full-spectrum CBD from high-THC cannabis will be referred to as full-spectrum cannabis oil. Used within the medicinal and recreational cannabis market, these products contain high levels of THC and are going to be more expensive than full-spectrum CBD oil from hemp.
Entirely lacking THC, broad-spectrum extracts are produced in one of two ways: (1) THC is removed from the full spectrum extract, or (2) CBD isolate is combined with other isolated cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids, in an attempt to mimic the full spectrum effect without THC.
To better understand the product, it’s fair to ask the
As the name suggests, CBD isolate products are made with an isolated CBD molecule. These products contain just the singular CBD molecule. There are not any other cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, or fatty acids naturally present in the product unless they were added separately.
Without the ability to offer an entourage effect, it’s often assumed that CBD isolate lacks the efficiency that full-spectrum products provide. Though there may not be naturally synergistic effects occurring in CBD isolate, products containing this isolated molecule still have the potential to offer therapeutic benefits.
CBD isolate has a wide variety of application possibilities. Particularly, CBD isolate is beneficial to balance dosage when consuming cannabis extract or cannabis products high in THC content.
Bonus: What Is Hemp Seed Oil (HSO)?
Hemp seed oil is a nutrient-rich oil that extracted from the seeds of hemp plants, typically cold-pressed. Consumers shouldn’t assume that because a product contains hemp oil, it’s going to contain CBD.
Because hemp seed oil is a food product, products containing strictly HSO are federally
Many products are incorrectly labeled, so while it is important to understand what these terms mean, it’s also important to do research & ask the right questions as you shop.